Analytic philosophy has had an uneasy relationship with the discipline of history of philosophy 1 throughout its life. Analytic philosophers often either scorn or simply ignore history of philosophy. In recent years, however, philosophers trained in the analytic tradition have begun to look at the history of analytic philosophy itself more seriously, and the debate about the relationship between philosophy and history of philosophy has been brought closer to home.
Analytic Philosophy of Religion
In this chapter, I consider some of the philosophical and historiographical presuppositions and implications of this debate, focusing on the idea of rational reconstruction. This idea developed alongside analytic philosophy itself and holds the key to understanding one central thread in the history of the relationship between analytic philosophy and history of philosophy. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Anderson, R. CrossRef Google Scholar. Ayer, A. Google Scholar. Baker, G. Awodey and C.
What is Continental vs Analytic Philosophy?
I, pp. IV, pp. Beaney, Michael and Reck, Erich H.
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Brandom, Robert B. Hamburg: Felix Meiner, ; tr. Schilpp, ed.
George, repr. Chicago: Open Court, Carus, A. Cohen, R. Frege, Gottlob, , Begriffsschrift , Halle: L.
Koebner; selections tr. First, our machines are better at thinking than they used to be, and second, a lot of our thinking today imitates the machines! A highly influential German philosopher of the 19th century, Hegel theorized brilliantly about history, language, and consciousness, but he wrote in a disorganized way, with story-like arguments, rather than making the systematic, line-by-line proofs preferred by the Brits. Their efforts produced a powerful new system of logic that made great strides in the analysis of statements and arguments — a field that had seen little progress since the time of the ancient Greeks.
Analytic philosophy proved so powerful that it became a weapon in World War II. As the Nazis steamrolled their way across Europe, the British military realized that they could never be stopped purely by strength on the battlefield. Nazi technology was too advanced, their population too large, and their industries too fast.
If the Allies were going to turn the tide, they would have to do it through superior intelligence. In order to outsmart the Axis powers, the Allies had to crack the Enigma code, a German technology thought to be unbreakable. However, over the course of the war, a group of mathematicians and analytic logicians, including Alan Turing, gathered at Bletchley Park to analyze Nazi communications and try to break their code.
Thanks to the power of analytic logic and some impressive spy work by British undercover agents , the Bletchley Park code-breakers successfully built a machine that could crack the Enigma code, allowing them to see right into the heart of the Nazi war machine. Thanks to this information, the Allies were able to plan a surprise attack at D-Day and ultimately bring down the Axis. The movie somewhat unfairly suggests that Turing was a solitary genius who single-handedly cracked the Enigma code, when in fact he was a team player with a friendly personality, who worked alongside other brilliant thinkers.
The movie is accurate, though, in portraying Turing as gay but in the closet , and in showing the consequences of this orientation in British society at the time. Spock seems to embody the ideals of analytic philosophy. Gene Roddenberry, the creator of the original show, was famous for his intense interest in philosophy and religion, and he was probably aware of the developments in analytic philosophy during the s, when Star Trek was first made. Britain and America. Germany and France. Greece and Rome. All of the above. Countries of origin. Used as a weapon in World War II.
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Invented by a Roman Emperor. The most popular philosophical school in 19th-century France. Psychological insight. Logical precision. Spiritual enlightenment. Lourdunathan November 4, , am Reply.
Anonymous March 22, , pm Reply. The write up is by itself and on itself an analytic philosophical method of writing. Very good one.
Ayei April 16, , am Reply. Anonymous June 9, , pm Reply. Analytic Philosophy I.
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